Many consider raccoons and coyotes to be dangerous, dirty, and pesky nuisances that invade their home and property, threatening their lawns and buildings. By Illinois law, a property owner or tenant needs a Nuisance Animal Removal Permit to trap and remove most species of wildlife. Property damage by wildlife or a threat to human health or safety by wildlife must be demonstrated before a permit will be issued. Furbearers require a permit. Furbearers include raccoons, opossums, skunks, beavers, muskrats, coyotes, red foxes, gray foxes, mink, river otters, badgers, weasels, and bobcats.
You can request a permit from an Illinois Department of Natural Resources District Wildlife Biologist. Please note that the biologist will provide guidance on appropriate trapping and disposal methods, but will not trap the animal for you. Animals that are trapped by a property owner or tenant must be released onto the property from which they were captured, relocated to another property, or humanely euthanized. If an animal is relocated, prior written permission must be obtained from the landowner of the property where the animal will be released. Animals may not be released in state, county, or municipal parks, nature preserves, or natural areas.
The County or the City of Chicago does not provide a free animal control or wildlife control services. If you would like assistance trapping an animal, you cannot call a local pest control service like Orkin or Terminix. You have to call a certified wild life control specialist. By state law, the service you hire must euthanize all skunks, and raccoons must be released on the same property where they were trapped or euthanized. Dead wildlife may be disposed of by a garbage service or buried. Be sure to wear disposable gloves while handling the carcass, and wash your hands thoroughly with warm, soapy water when finished.